Construction-safety

6 Important Functions of Construction Management

Any construction project requires proper management for smooth execution & timely completion while also meeting the other targets of project. The overall success and development of any project on ground depend upon the effective implementation of management system. There are some functions of construction management that make it an essential step in any project. 

For any project, it is necessary to constantly increase the challenges of target & meeting them while working with the core functions of construction management. 

Let’s start from understanding what construction management is

Construction management or project management is a process/ practice that includes all the tasks related to planning, coordinating, and controlling an entire construction project from the beginning to the end. It helps in monitoring the progress and controlling the deviation of projects. Most construction projects require construction management such as commercial, civil, industrial, residential, and environmental, and all such projects require the same construction management methodologies. 

However, scale of management input is determined by the target of organizations. For example, if some organization started the project with the commitment of ‘Zero Fatality’ then its management shall put extraordinary efforts in developing safety practices & its true implementation at site. On the other hand, if the nature of project require ‘Zero error’ as the case of tunneling in sensitive hilly region be then the same management practices shall put extra efforts in planning & coordinating leaving no scope for losing track and mitigation.

Hence, construction management can be defined as incorporating effective management measures to adequately manage the construction project’s cost, quantity, scope, function, and safety. It works for all types of project delivery methods.

Which brings us to a question what are the various construction management functions? 

The six functions include planning, cost management, time management, quality management, contract management, and safety management. If these functions are kept in mind & rightly implemented at site by project managers then their projects can run efficiently & without any complications. 

Functions of management

Any construction firm can only succeed if they apply adequate construction management measures in their projects. Otherwise, everything can become messy and complicated. Efficient construction management can only happen if the business follows some of the best applications of construction management. 

When it comes to the construction management’s functions, it means adopting specific measures for the different parts of the construction project to make it flawless. Let’s check below the six best practices or functions without which difficulties in finishing up a construction project flawlessly.

1. Planning:

Planning phase of the entire construction project is crucial since it paves the way for every step of the whole project. In this phase, the project manager has to decide on all the actions and activities that will take place to achieve a specific goal. 

Thus, in this function, the project manager plans all the steps and tasks that the workers would perform and estimates the time required for each step. It helps to adequately utilize all the resources (human or non-human) during the entire construction project. 

2. Cost Management:

When starting a construction project, it’s crucial to understand the costs of the project and manage the resources and work according to them. In this construction management function, the project’s entire cost gets analyzed, planned, and reported so that everything goes smoothly.

In cost management there takes place a cost estimation, and then a project budget is created. It also makes a budget limit that shows when and where to send the project money. It helps safeguard a construction project from any sudden expense or additional costs that can even hamper the project completion.  

3. Time Management:

Time is precious no matter what the work is, even it goes to a construction project. A single delay in one process can lead to a delay in the entire construction project. Moreover, increased time utilization leads to increased expenses. 

Hence, it’s crucial to use time wisely and maintain it well so that the project can take place correctly. So, a project manager ensures that the planning and scheduling of tasks occur so that the project work goes as per the deadlines. First, the project manager determines what tasks need to be performed. Then they schedule the time for those works to ensure fewer complexities during the project.

4. Quality Management:

Another important function of construction project management is the management of project quality. It helps ensure that the work’s quality is exceptional and meets all the project requirements as per expectations. The first step in quality management is analyzing the quality standards of the construction project and then drafting a quality assurance plan. It helps to assure that you can effectively enforce all the required quality measures during the project.

The project manager needs to take proper steps to ensure the project quality by training the employees and overseeing whether the quality standards are adhered to by the workers.

5. Contract Administration:

After the cost management and time management has been looked into, the contract administration starts. It’s the process to fulfill the legal terms between the client and the business. Usually, a contract administrator looks into this process for handling the legal contract. 

The contract administrator gathers information from all the personnel involved in the construction project and then documents the different contractual agreements related to the project. It also consists of the decision making for the completion and success of the project through a contract. This contract ensures that both the parties coming into the agreement are okay with the project and its requirements.

6. Safety Management:

Safety is a crucial matter, especially when it comes to a construction site. Thus, safety management is a necessary function of construction management. It incorporates all the procedures that ensure the safety and well-being of the construction site workers. Such a process requires identifying all the safety hazards and improving awareness of safety during construction.

Moreover, safety management also includes the usage of safety protocols set by a construction safety consultant that can help prevent any injury or damage during the entire project. 

What is the importance of construction management?

Construction management is very crucial for the flawless results of construction projects. It assists in within budget, on-time, and legal-complications-free project completion. It ensures that no errors arise during the construction management, and there are no losses. 

If project management practices are implemented since the beginning of the process, it becomes easier to plan better for any potential problems. It even helps in providing clear lines of accountability.

Now let’s get in depth of benefits of construction management.

1. Save money and time: 

If appropriate construction management measures are taken then project task is delivered on-time. For example, a manager would map everything that could happen with the project including both the desirable & undesirable events since beginning. This shall help him understand where delays can suffer the productivity & extra resources for the activity can be allocated more effectively. Thus, can helps in saving of both time and money.

2. Better business decision-making:

Through construction management better project insights can be gained for ongoing activities and its trajectory can be estimated. A clear idea of resource utilization, order of priority, and risk is derived leading to better business decision-making. 

3. Enhanced Communications:

When it comes to a construction project, communication is vital. Whether it’s work regarding the materials, equipment or labour where effective management allocate different responsibilities & expect accountability. This hierarchical allocation of authority, responsibility & accountability leads to unidirectional flow of commands & information. Hence, construction management helps in eliminating problems in communication and increases transparency among members associated with the project.

4. Enhanced resource management:

Resources are a necessary part of any construction project. Whether it’s the inventory, materials, equipment, experience, or expertise- all of these are crucial. To ensure that there are no problems in the project, it needs to optimize resources effectively. Construction management helps in monitoring, analyzing, and organizing the resources from the beginning until the end to match the initial estimations.

Conclusion:

Any construction form can succeed through specific processes or functions to ensure a flawless construction project. These functions ensure that every part of the project goes smoothly and gets completed as per the standard requirements. Here, a project manager plays a crucial role by maintaining all the essential construction management functions, including planning, cost management, time management, quality management, contract administration and safety management. All these construction management functions make it immensely important for any construction project. All these functions can help in the effective results in a construction project.