The construction industry is considered to be the second-largest economic contributor in India but it comes with a fair share of hazards. With a set of workplace risks, it is considered to be one of the most dangerous professions. Unfortunately, during a construction project, one of the most disregarded aspects is construction site safety.
The first thing that comes to mind when we think of construction safety is that it is the contractor’s or construction safety consultant’s responsibility. However, they are not the only one that needs to be active in creating a safe work environment.
Construction workers are typically vulnerable to hazardous working circumstances, putting them at significant risk of death. Tripping dangers from building materials, incidents caused by a lack of awareness about power tools, unsafe equipment, or even structural collapse in some situations are all possibilities.
Employers must alleviate construction site safety risks for personnel, but the latter must also take several safeguards such as using construction safety equipment when working in such hazardous environments.
What Is Safety in Construction Site?
Construction is a hazardous, primarily land-based industry in which site workers may be exposed to a variety of hazards. Construction site safety is a facet of construction-related practices established to prevent or mitigate death, injury, disease, and other health-related concerns for construction site personnel and others.
The primary aim of construction safety is to ensure that a construction site does not pose an immediate threat to the construction workers or the public around the construction site. Additionally, the usage of construction safety equipment also attempts to ensure that the end product complies with the mandated safety requirements. Construction site safety minimizes the danger of public injuries as well as work-related injuries and accidents.
Workers must always be mindful of large vehicles and dangerous machinery, as well as building materials, cables, and tools, which might cause potential trip hazards. Even the environment, which is prone to uneven terrain, severe weather, and shaky infrastructure, can be dangerous.
What Are the General Safety Precautions in Construction?
Whereas the health and safety situation in the Indian construction industry is dire, here are some steps that employers should consider taking to mitigate workplace accidents and establish building site safety. This will not only help them avoid potentially severe financial, legal, and ethical ramifications, but it will also help them sustain productivity and foster better confidence, respect, and allegiance in their workforce.
Establish a Fall Protecting System
One of the leading causes of worker deaths and injuries in India is falling from unsecured heights. Corporations must thoroughly examine site safety and invest in construction safety equipment for the on-site workforce – whether they are contractors, engineers, or labourers. This entails harnessing the worker to a safety line as well as making it mandatory to wear a safety helmet to minimize potential injury from falling debris or objects.
There should be no compromises or cutbacks when installing scaffolding. To eliminate the chance of it collapsing, it should be erected on firm ground with stable footing. Inspect and fix any structural damage or irregularities, while also making sure that all staff who use the scaffolding have had proper scaffolding safety training.
Use Quality Ladders & Stairways
Workers have also been known to fall from their job sites due to improper or defective ladders. Employers must choose the best ladder systems for the job. New ladder systems should be taught to workers regularly.
Invest in the Right Technology
To tackle the hurdles and reduce the frequency of workplace injuries, corporations are gradually using these cutting-edge technological solutions. Few of the innovative technologies used in construction include drones, Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), and site censors. Technology on construction sites not only aims to alleviate safety issues but also serves to transcend time and distance restraints, as well as increase work productivity.
What Are the Approaches to Improve Safety in Construction?
Construction workers in India are frequently subjected to dangerous substances like asbestos, cement, and welding fumes, in addition to incidental deaths. To account for the risk to health, noise and vibrations must also be recognized. While the construction industry is expected to grow in the foreseeable future, the government has introduced regulations to safeguard construction workers.
Recognizing the hazards and establishing a consistent level of alertness are two of the most effective ways to reduce on-site catastrophes. Unfortunately, while Indian construction workers are familiar with the dangers present on the site, they are rarely aware of the measures in place to mitigate these risks. Few approaches that can be taken to improve construction site safety include:
- Promote construction safety awareness among workers.
- Establish & practice construction site safety measures.
- Provide workers periodic health & safety training.
- Investing in high-quality construction safety equipment.
- Periodic maintenance of construction tools & equipment.
- Supervisors must enforce construction safety regulations strictly.
- Enforce Self-responsibility among on-site personnel.
- Introduce regular monitoring to maintain better health & safety.
Importance of Making a Safety Plan for Construction
To encourage the incorporation of safety plans into everyday work practices, those in charge of the job must make it obvious that safety is a priority. Safety stems from the belief that accidents can be minimized and that safe work standard must be adhered to. Every company is required by law to monitor its employees’ health and safety. However, because of the nature of the construction profession, there may be a more stringent necessity for assuring worker safety.
Training and education along with involvement will help to inculcate and sustain awareness of the various dangers that workers may encounter on a routine basis, as well as empower them with the information and training to reduce these risks, allowing them to actively make the situation better. Construction safety can be firmly established with transparency among the workforce.
Doing a cover-up is probably a terrible thing a construction company can do for its credibility. Concealing mishaps from the public and the media not only reduces the public’s perception of a single company but also sheds an unfavourable light on the construction industry itself.
Hence, companies should provide their employees with the right construction safety equipment. As an organization or an employer, construction site safety is of paramount importance.