Fire Load Calculation plays an important role in determining the basis for the assessment and mitigation of fire risks for any industry. This indicates how much heat is released per unit area for a site when its contents and the area are completely burned.
In engineering theory and by compliance, all fire systems of infrastructure should be designed based on total fire load. This fire load is calculated for all flammable substances present and their calorific values.
There are several methods for Load Calculation and can be utilised on case-to-case bases such as Weight based or Inventory based or a combination of both. There are other several associated exercises that help in better design of a fire system such as categorisation of fire load in various categories, allocation of fire fighting equipment and resources based on respective loads of areas, etc.
The key standards used in the study are NFPA 557, NFPA 551, NFPA 1 & NBC 2016 (India) Latest.